Interior Secretary to make decision by 2012
By Ty Beaver
Herald & News
The process to determine whether removal of four Klamath River hydroelectric dams is feasible and the best way to improve the river’s fisheries is on track.
About 60 people, including federal and state officials and stakeholders who participated in talks about the Klamath Basin Restoration Agreement, met Tuesday and Wednesday at the Shilo Inn in Klamath Falls to share progress and discuss collecting data and information on dam removal.
The Klamath Hydroelectric Settlement Agreement calls for U.S. Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar to decide whether to remove the dams no later than March 30, 2012. Those involved want everything on the Salazar’s desk by late 2011.
“They’re going to bust blood vessels to do it, but it will be done,” said Glen Spain, northwest regional director of the Pacific Coast Federation of Fishermen’s Associations.
The drought impacting the river’s upper reachers this spring highlights the need to move quickly so the restoration agreement can be implemented, officials said.
But those involved in the decision process say they already have a lot of motivation.
“I don’t think anything could lend more intensity to this process,” said Larry Dunsmoor, fisheries biologist with the Klamath Tribes.
Dam removal is a key component of the restoration agreement, which seeks to resolve water conflicts in the Klamath River Basin watershed. Environmentalists, fishermen and tribes sought dam removal as a means to improve fisheries, including salmon runs, connected to the river.
The secretary requires a number of documents and various data to decide whether dam removal is appropriate.
One document looks at environmental, social, economic and related impacts of dam removal on the region. Another looks at the engineering aspects, how to take the dams down, in what order and how to deal with backed up sediment.
Another document ties the information together in a summary. Getting this done requires the collaboration of dozens of people.
“The real challenge is there are so many moving parts,” Spain said.
Dennis Lynch, program manager for the Interior’s efforts to study dam removal, said the process is on track. He credited the team of federal officials and others for getting to work and collecting the necessary information for the decision.
Sorting through data
It’s too early to say whether data will show dam removal as the best course of action. Sediment samples behind the dams still need to be analyzed, cost estimates for removal are not done and other impacts are still being measured.
There also will be reviews. The science behind the data must be peer-reviewed, and public meetings on some aspects are necessary. Some meetings are expected to start in late May or early June.
Energy to finish
But there is impetus behind the effort to get those answers, and many said the signing of the restoration agreement in late February has provided that energy.
“We just want to get to the point where we can say this is a good idea or a bad idea,” Lynch said.